The installation methods and key points of wooden

2022-07-22
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Wooden doors and windows are an important part of interior decoration modeling, and also an important means to create decorative atmosphere and effect. They account for a large proportion in modern decoration projects. Today, Xiaobian will share with you the installation methods of wooden doors and windows, as well as the relevant contents of the construction technical points of wooden door and window installation projects

wooden doors and windows are an important part of interior decoration modeling, and also an important means to create decorative atmosphere and effect. They account for a large proportion in modern decoration projects. Today, Xiaobian will share with you the installation methods of wooden doors and windows, as well as the relevant contents of the construction technical points of wooden door and window installation projects

I. installation method of wooden doors and windows

simply speaking, we can divide the installation of wooden doors and windows into four basic parts: the connection and fixation of door and window frames and walls, the installation of door and window leaves, the installation of glass and paint treatment. The installation process of wooden doors and windows is introduced with the commonly used casement wooden doors and windows as an example:

1 Fixing the door and window frames on the wall

fixing the door and window frames on the wall is the first process of wood door and window installation. According to the different fixing methods of door and window frames, it can be divided into two forms: vertical opening and plug opening

when the wall is built to the design height of doors and windows, the door and window frames are first supported at the design position, temporarily fixed with braces, and then continue to build the wall, and the wood pulling bricks on the door and window frames are built into the wall, so as to realize the fixation of the door and window frames on the wall

the plug is to reserve the opening according to the design size of the door and window opening when building the wall, and build wood bricks in advance as required (the general spacing is 650 mm~750mm). When installing the door and window frame, plug the door and window frame into the opening, initially fix it with wood wedges and iron nails, and then embed it with cement mortar to realize the fixation of the door frame on the wall

according to their different positions in the wall, there are mainly two forms of door frame erection and door frame lining. When the door is at ordinary times, it should be fixed with iron feet and attached with face plate (as shown in Figure 32). During the installation of door and window frames, the perpendicularity of door and window frames and the level of upper sill shall be ensured, and their processing accuracy shall be maintained. The side of doors and windows against the wall and the embedded wood bricks and iron feet shall be subject to anti-corrosion treatment

2. Installation of door and window sashes

the installation of door and window sashes is carried out after the installation of door and window frames. Because the door and window frames have been fixed, it is not easy to repair, and the manufacturing error and installation error of the door and window frames themselves are inevitable. When installing door and window sashes, the door and window sashes are often repaired according to the actual size of the doors and windows. In order to ensure a reasonable fit gap between the door and window sashes and the door and window frames during specific planing, it is generally necessary to carry out multiple planing and trial assembly. After finishing the planing, draw lines and slots on the frame leaf according to the size of the hinge according to 1/8--1/10 of the height of the door and window leaf. After the door and window leaf is installed, it should be repaired again until the switch is flexible. After the installation of door and window leaves, ensure that the matching gap is uniform and reasonable and cannot be opened and closed automatically

3. Other hardware and glass installation

that is, after the door and window leaves are installed, install the air hook, handle, lock and other hardware according to the design requirements, and install and fix the glass

during specific installation, attention should be paid to the position of door and window handles and door locks. Generally, the door and window handles should be located below the midpoint of the height of the door and window. The window handles are 1.5 m~1.6m away from the ground, the door handles are 0.9 m~1.05m away from the ground, and the door locks are generally 0.9 m~0.95m higher than the ground

4. Painting

refers to painting the door, window frame and leaf

II. What are the key points of the construction technology for the installation of wooden doors and windows

1. The construction method of reserved holes should be adopted for the installation of doors and windows

2. The specification, opening direction and flatness of wooden doors and windows should comply with the current relevant national standards, and the accessories should be complete

3. The moisture content of wood used for wooden doors and windows should be 12%

4. Wooden doors and windows should take measures to prevent moisture, bruises, pollution and exposure to the sun. Paint the wooden doors and windows immediately after fabrication

5. There shall be no knots or filled knots at the junction of wooden doors and windows and the installation of hardware fittings

6. Door and window frames and door and window leaves with a thickness greater than 50mm shall be connected with double tenons

7. The external doors and windows of the building must be installed firmly. It is strictly forbidden to fix the doors and windows on the masonry with shooting nails

8. The contact parts between door and window frames and masonry, concrete or plastering layer, as well as wood bricks for fixing, should be treated with anti-corrosion treatment

9. The door and window frames should be corrected and square before installation, and necessary braces should be nailed to avoid deformation. When installing door and window frames, there shall be no less than two fixing points on each side, and the spacing shall not be greater than 1.2m

10. When the door and window frames need to be pasted, the door and window frames should protrude from the wall, and the protruding thickness should be equal to the thickness of the plastering layer or decorative surface layer

11. The gap between the wooden door and window and the wall should be filled with hydrophobic insulation materials, and the surface should be filled with weather resistant sealant

12. The installation of wood door and window hardware fittings should comply with the following provisions:

(1) the distance between the hinge and the upper and lower ends of the door and window leaf should be 1/10 of the vertical height, and the upper and lower risers should be avoided

(2) the installation of hardware fittings should be fixed with wood screws. The hardwood shall be drilled with a hole of 2/3 depth, and the hole diameter shall be slightly smaller than the diameter of the wood screw

(3) the door lock should not be installed at the junction of the riser and the upright

(4) the distance between the window handle and the ground should be 1.5 ~ 1.6m, and the distance between the door handle and the ground should be 0.9 ~ 1.05M

13. The installation of wooden door and window glass shall comply with the following provisions:

(1) before the installation of glass, check the size in the frame and remove the dirt in the cut

(2) the use of door and window glass shall comply with the regulations on the management of building safety glass

(3) install the glass with the long side greater than 1.5m or the short side greater than 1m, and use the rubber pad and fix it with the batten and screws

(4) install wooden frames and sashes, which can be fixed with nails. The distance between nails shall not be greater than 300mm, and there shall be no less than two on each side; When fixing with wood batten, the bottom oil shall be applied first and then installed, and the glass shall not be pressed too tightly

(5) when installing the glass, an appropriate gap should be left between the upper end of the glass and the upper frame to prevent the wood frame from deforming and damaging the glass

(6) when using sealing paste, the surface of the joint should be clean and dry

summary: the relevant contents of the installation method of wooden doors and windows will be introduced here first. I hope it can help you. For more wonderful information, please continue to follow and understand

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